Mixed Methods Research for the Novice Researcher
Mixed methods research is becoming increasingly popular in the health and social science disciplines. The aim of this article is to give an overview of the varieties of mixed methods designs.
We begin by situating mixed methods research in the context of a paradigmatic framework which assists a researcher in making decisions concerning the design of their study. Although the most commonly used mixed methods designs are underpinned by positivist/postpositivist assumptions, the combination of qualitative and quantitative methods can be used within any research paradigm.
Lynne S Giddings
Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, Aotearoa, New Zealand
Barbara M Grant
Acting Co-Director, Centre for Professional Development, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Blaxter L, Hughes C and Tight M (2001) How to research 2nd edn, Philadelphia, PA, Open University Press.
Borjesson B, Paperin C and Lindell M (2004) Maternal support during the first year of infancy, Journal of Advanced Nursing 45(6): 588-594.
Creswell JW (2003) Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches 2nd edn, Lincoln, NE, Sage.
Giddings LS (2005) Mixed methods research: Positivism dressed in drag? Journal of Research in Nursing 11(3): 195-203.
Grant BM and Giddings LS (2002) Making sense of methodologies: A paradigm framework for the novice researcher, Contemporary Nurse 13(1): 10-28.
Guba EG and Lincoln YS (1994) Competing paradigms in qualitative research. In Denzin NK and Lincoln YS (eds) Handbook of Qualitative Research pp.105-117, Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage.
Ironside P (2003) Trying something new: Implementing and evaluating narrative pedagogy using a multimethod approach, Nursing Education Perspectives 24(30): 122-128.
Koziol-McLain J, Gardiner J, Batty P, Rameka M, Fyfe E and Giddings LS (2004) Prevalence of intimate partner violence among women presenting to an urban adult and paediatric emergency care department, New Zealand Medical Journal 117(1206): U1174.
Miles MB and Huberman AM (1994) Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook, Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage.
Patton MQ (2002) Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods 3rd edn, Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage.
Robson C (2002) Real World Research: A Resource for Social Scientists and Practitioner-Researchers 2nd edn, Oxford, England, Blackwell Publishers.
Rumsey N, Clarke A, White P, Wyn-Williams M and Garlick W (2004) Altered body image: Appearance-related concerns of people with visible disfigurement, Journal of Advanced Nursing 48(5): 443-453.
Sarantakos S (1998) Social Research 2nd edn, Basingstoke, Hampshire, Macmillan.
Somervell AM, Saylor C and Mao C (2005) Public health nurse interventions for women in a dependency drug court, Public Health Nursing 22(1): 59-64.
Tashakkori A and Teddlie C (eds) (2003) Handbook of Mixed Methods in Social & Behavioral Research, Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage.
Wuest J, Merritt-Gray M and Ford-Gilboe M (2004) Regenerating family: Strengthening the emotional health of mothers and children in the context of intimate partner violence, Advances in Nursing Science 27(4): 257-274.
Mixed methods, qualitative research, quantitative research, paradigms, postpositivism